Have you ever wondered if you can eat seagulls? Are seagulls actually suitable for consumption?
In this article, we’ll explore the legality and suitability of consuming seagulls, as well as discuss their edibility, taste, and flavor. Although seagulls may seem like a potential food source, there are legal restrictions in place that prohibit their hunting, killing, and consumption.
Additionally, their feeding habits make them unsuitable for consumption. Join us as we uncover the truth behind the edibility and taste of seagulls.
- Seagulls are protected by the Migratory Bird Act and it is illegal to hunt, kill, or consume them.
- Seagulls’ feeding habits, which include scavenging and consuming garbage, make them unsuitable for consumption.
- Seagull meat can be eaten technically, but it is not commonly consumed and not considered a desirable food source.
- Seagull eggs are edible and considered a delicacy in certain cultures, but collecting them without permits or permissions is illegal in countries with protective laws.
Legality of Seagull Consumption
Consuming seagulls is illegal in many countries due to the protections afforded to them under the Migratory Bird Act. This legislation is in place to safeguard migratory birds, including seagulls, from hunting, killing, and consumption.
The impact of seagull consumption on their populations can be significant, as it disrupts their natural balance and can lead to a decline in their numbers. Seagulls are unsuitable for consumption due to their feeding habits. They scavenge and consume a wide range of food, including dead fish and garbage, which can make their meat potentially unsafe for human consumption.
Given the legal restrictions on seagull consumption, alternative approaches for controlling seagull populations should be considered. These approaches may include implementing measures to reduce excessive food waste in urban areas, which is a major factor contributing to the quadrupling of the urban seagull population in the past 15 years.
Additionally, strategies such as the installation of deterrents, habitat modification, and the use of non-lethal techniques can help manage seagull populations while respecting their protected status. It’s crucial to explore these alternative approaches to ensure the conservation and protection of seagulls while addressing any issues they may pose.
Migratory Bird Act and Seagull Protection
The Migratory Bird Act plays a crucial role in protecting seagulls and other migratory birds from hunting, killing, and consumption. This legislation enforces legal restrictions and enacts penalties for those who violate it.
The act aims to preserve seagull populations and maintain the ecological balance by safeguarding their habitats and migratory routes.
Legal Restrictions and Enforcement
Avoiding legal trouble, it’s important to understand the restrictions and enforcement surrounding the consumption of seagulls under the Migratory Bird Act and seagull protection laws.
These laws are in place to protect seagull populations and ensure their conservation. The Migratory Bird Act prohibits the hunting, killing, and consumption of migratory birds, including seagulls. This legislation aims to prevent any negative impact on seagull populations and maintain their ecological balance.
Instead of consuming seagulls, alternative approaches for control should be considered, such as managing their habitats or implementing non-lethal deterrents to reduce conflicts between seagulls and humans.
Strict enforcement of these laws is necessary to safeguard seagulls and maintain healthy ecosystems. It’s crucial to adhere to these legal restrictions and support the protection of seagulls as a vital part of our natural environment.
Impact on Seagull Populations
To understand the impact of the Migratory Bird Act and seagull protection laws on seagull populations, you must consider their role in safeguarding these birds and maintaining ecological balance.
The conservation efforts and population management strategies implemented under these laws have significant implications for seagull populations.
- The Migratory Bird Act ensures the protection of seagulls during their migration, safeguarding their habitats and breeding grounds.
- Seagull protection laws aim to maintain healthy seagull populations, which play a vital role in the coastal ecosystem by controlling pest populations and nutrient cycling.
- These laws prevent excessive hunting, killing, and consumption of seagulls, promoting their conservation and preventing population decline.
- By preserving seagull populations, these laws contribute to the overall biodiversity and ecological stability of coastal regions.
- Effective seagull population management helps mitigate conflicts between humans and seagulls, ensuring the coexistence of both species in a sustainable manner.
Alternative Approaches for Control
Consider implementing alternative approaches for controlling seagull populations, such as implementing deterrent measures and habitat modifications. Sustainable population management strategies can help mitigate the negative impacts of seagulls in urban areas. Here are some alternative control methods that can be utilized:
|Alternative Control Methods
|Utilize noise-making devices, visual repellents, and physical barriers to discourage seagulls from nesting and roosting in specific areas.
|Varies depending on the type of deterrent used and the adaptability of seagulls.
|Altering the physical environment by removing food sources, reducing nesting sites, or modifying structures to make them less attractive to seagulls.
|Can be effective in reducing seagull populations by limiting their access to food and suitable nesting locations.
|Education and Awareness
|Promote responsible waste management practices, discourage feeding of seagulls, and educate the public about the importance of coexisting with seagulls while minimizing conflicts.
|Can contribute to long-term behavior change and reduce seagull-related issues.
Implementing these alternative approaches can provide sustainable population management solutions while respecting the legal protections in place for seagulls. It is essential to assess the effectiveness of each method and choose a combination of strategies that best suit the specific circumstances and objectives.
Feeding Habits and Suitability for Consumption
Seagulls’ feeding habits, which include scavenging and consuming a wide range of food, make them unsuitable for consumption. They often feed on dead fish and garbage, resulting in potential health risks from consuming their meat.
Additionally, the Migratory Bird Act protects seagulls, making it illegal to hunt, kill, or consume them, further emphasizing their unsuitability for consumption.
Scavenging Diet Impact
Be cautious of consuming seagulls due to their scavenging diet and its impact on their suitability for consumption. Seagulls are known for their opportunistic feeding habits, which involve scavenging and consuming a wide variety of food, including dead fish and garbage. This scavenging diet has significant implications for the taste and safety of seagull meat.
Here are five points to consider:
- Seagulls’ scavenging diet can result in the accumulation of toxins and contaminants in their bodies, making them potentially unsafe for consumption.
- The flavors and aromas of seagull meat can be influenced by their diet, resulting in a gamy taste with subtle hints of fish and a salty brine flavor.
- Seagulls residing in coastal regions may have a more pronounced fishy taste due to their consumption of fish and seafood.
- Seagulls feeding on human waste in urban areas may have a less desirable flavor due to the presence of garbage in their diet.
- Culinary uses and experimentation with seagull meat are limited due to legal restrictions on hunting, killing, and consumption of migratory birds like seagulls.
Health Risks From Consumption
If you choose to consume seagulls, it’s important to be aware of the potential health risks associated with their feeding habits and suitability for consumption. Seagulls are known to scavenge for food, feeding on a wide range of items including dead fish and garbage. This scavenging behavior exposes them to various contaminants and pathogens, increasing the risk of transmitting diseases to humans.
Additionally, the urban seagull population has grown significantly due to the abundance of food waste in urban areas. This further raises concerns about the safety of consuming seagulls, as they may be exposed to harmful substances present in urban environments.
Therefore, it’s advisable to avoid consuming seagulls due to the potential health risks they pose.
Legal Restrictions and Implications?
Understanding the legal restrictions and implications surrounding the feeding habits and suitability of seagulls for consumption is crucial. It’s important to consider the following:
- Legal implications: The Migratory Bird Act protects seagulls and prohibits hunting, killing, and consumption. Seagulls are considered migratory birds and are therefore protected by law.
- Ethical considerations: Feeding habits of seagulls make them unsuitable for consumption. They scavenge and consume a wide range of food, including dead fish and garbage. Consuming seagulls may contribute to the spread of diseases and environmental contamination.
- Conservation efforts: Protecting seagulls is essential for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem balance.
- Alternatives: There are numerous other sustainable and ethical food options available for consumption.
- Public opinion: Many individuals find the consumption of seagulls to be morally objectionable due to their protected status and scavenging habits.
Considering these factors, it’s advisable to refrain from consuming seagulls due to legal restrictions and ethical considerations.
Urban Seagull Population Growth
Over the past 15 years, the urban seagull population has quadrupled due to excessive food waste in urban areas. Urbanization has led to increased availability of food sources for seagulls, resulting in changes in their behavior and population dynamics. The table below highlights the impact of urbanization on seagull behavior and the need for effective urban seagull population management strategies.
|Impact of Urbanization on Seagull Behavior
|Increased food availability
|Altered feeding habits
|Shifted breeding patterns
|Urban areas provide abundant food sources such as garbage and discarded food, leading to an increased population of seagulls.
|Seagulls have adapted to scavenge for food in urban environments, shifting from their natural diet of fish and marine invertebrates.
|Seagulls have adjusted their breeding patterns to take advantage of the constant food supply in urban areas, resulting in larger and more frequent breeding seasons.
Efficient urban seagull population management is essential to mitigate the negative impacts of their growing numbers. Strategies should focus on reducing food waste and implementing deterrent measures to discourage seagulls from urban areas. Additionally, creating designated feeding areas away from public spaces can help minimize conflicts between seagulls and humans. It is crucial to address the urban seagull population growth to maintain a balance between the natural environment and urban landscapes.
Safety Concerns for Seagull Meat
To ensure your safety when consuming seagull meat, it’s important to be aware of potential risks and take necessary precautions. When considering the safety concerns for seagull meat, it’s crucial to understand the potential health risks associated with its consumption. Here are five key points to consider:
- Bacterial contamination: Seagulls scavenge for food, including dead fish and garbage, which increases the risk of bacterial contamination in their meat. Proper cooking techniques, such as thorough cooking at high temperatures, are essential to mitigate this risk.
- Environmental pollutants: Seagulls residing in urban areas may be exposed to environmental pollutants, such as heavy metals or pesticides, which can accumulate in their tissues. Consumption of seagull meat from polluted areas may pose health hazards.
- Unknown pathogens: Seagulls may carry various pathogens, including parasites and viruses, which can be transmitted to humans through consumption. Adequate cooking and hygiene practices are essential to minimize the risk of infection.
- Legal restrictions: In many countries, seagulls are protected by laws, making their hunting, killing, and consumption illegal. Violating these laws can result in legal consequences.
- Limited culinary uses and experimentation: Seagull meat isn’t widely accepted as a culinary ingredient and isn’t commonly used in culinary experiments. Its availability is limited, and there’s a lack of established culinary techniques or recipes.
Technical Edibility of Seagulls
When considering the technical edibility of seagulls, it’s important to understand their suitability for consumption.
While seagulls can be eaten from a technical standpoint, they aren’t commonly consumed and not considered a desirable food source.
The Migratory Bird Act protects seagulls and other migratory birds, prohibiting their hunting, killing, and consumption.
Additionally, seagulls’ feeding habits make them unsuitable for consumption as they scavenge and consume a wide range of food, including dead fish and garbage.
However, if seagulls weren’t protected by law, proper preparation methods would involve soaking the meat in a mixture of salt and water to reduce strong odors. Thorough cooking is crucial to mitigate potential health risks, as seagulls may carry salmonella.
Various cooking methods such as grilling, roasting, or baking can be used to prepare seagull meat, which has a taste similar to chicken but with distinct undertones of gaminess and a slightly fishy flavor.
On the other hand, seagull eggs are considered a delicacy in certain cultures and have nutritional value comparable to other bird eggs, such as duck eggs.
However, collecting seagull eggs without appropriate permits or permissions is illegal in countries with protective laws.
Preparation Methods for Seagull Meat
To properly prepare seagull meat for consumption, you can start by soaking it in a mixture of salt and water to reduce strong odors. This step helps to mitigate the natural gaminess and fishy undertones that can be present in seagull meat. Once the meat has been soaked, there are several preparation methods that can be employed to enhance its flavor and taste profile.
Here are five preparation methods for seagull meat:
- Grilling: Grilling seagull meat can impart a smoky flavor and create a crispy exterior while retaining its tenderness. The high heat helps to seal in the juices and adds a delightful charred taste.
- Roasting: Roasting seagull meat in the oven can result in a succulent and flavorful dish. This method allows for even cooking and can be complemented with herbs and spices to enhance the overall taste.
- Baking: Baking seagull meat can result in a moist and tender texture. By marinating the meat beforehand and adding aromatic ingredients, such as garlic and rosemary, you can further enhance its flavor.
- Sautéing: Sautéing seagull meat in a hot pan with a bit of oil can create a delicious caramelized crust. This method allows for quick cooking and can be paired with various sauces or seasonings to elevate the taste.
- Stir-frying: Stir-frying seagull meat with fresh vegetables and flavorful sauces can create a tasty and nutritious meal. The high heat and quick cooking time help to retain the meat’s natural juices and impart a delightful blend of flavors.
It is important to note that seagull meat carries a taste similar to chicken but with distinct undertones of gaminess and a slightly fishy flavor. The cooking methods mentioned above can help enhance the overall flavor and taste profile of seagull meat, making it more enjoyable for consumption. However, it’s crucial to remember that seagulls are protected by law and consuming their meat isn’t recommended due to legal restrictions and their feeding habits.
Salmonella Risks and Cooking Precautions
To ensure the safe consumption of seagull meat, it’s essential to be aware of the risks of salmonella contamination and take necessary cooking precautions.
Salmonella is a bacteria commonly found in birds, including seagulls, which can cause food poisoning if ingested.
Proper cooking, such as thorough heating to an internal temperature of 165°F (74°C), is crucial in killing the bacteria and reducing the risk of illness.
Salmonella Prevention Methods
To minimize the risk of salmonella contamination and ensure safe consumption, it’s crucial that you thoroughly cook seagull meat. Salmonella is a common bacteria that can cause food poisoning, characterized by symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps.
To prevent salmonella infection, follow these important salmonella prevention methods:
- Cook seagull meat to an internal temperature of 165°F (74°C) to kill any potential bacteria.
- Avoid cross-contamination by using separate cutting boards and utensils for raw and cooked seagull meat.
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after handling seagull meat.
- Store seagull meat properly in the refrigerator at or below 40°F (4°C) to slow down bacterial growth.
- Avoid consuming raw or undercooked seagull meat, as it may contain harmful bacteria like salmonella.
Cooking Seagull Safely
When cooking seagull meat, it is essential to take precautions to minimize the risk of salmonella contamination and ensure safe consumption. Seagulls may carry salmonella, a bacteria that can cause foodborne illness in humans. Thorough cooking is crucial to mitigate potential health risks. Here are some cooking techniques and culinary experimentation tips to help you safely prepare seagull meat:
|Cook meat thoroughly to an internal temperature of 165°F (74°C) to kill any bacteria present.
|Avoid cross-contamination by using separate cutting boards and utensils for raw and cooked seagull meat.
|Wash hands and surfaces thoroughly before and after handling seagull meat.
|Store seagull meat at a safe temperature (below 40°F/4°C) to prevent bacterial growth.
|Follow proper hygiene practices to ensure safe handling of seagull meat throughout the cooking process.
Health Risks of Salmonella
As you continue reading about the health risks of salmonella and the necessary cooking precautions, it’s important to be aware of the potential dangers associated with consuming seagull meat. Salmonella is a common bacteria that can cause foodborne illness, and seagulls may carry this pathogen. Here are some key factors to consider:
- Salmonella prevention methods: Thoroughly cooking seagull meat is crucial to kill the bacteria and reduce the risk of infection. Avoid consuming raw or undercooked seagull meat.
- Culinary uses of seagull eggs: While seagull eggs are edible and have nutritional value, it’s essential to cook them properly to eliminate any potential salmonella contamination. Use safe cooking methods such as boiling or frying to ensure the eggs are fully cooked.
- Hygiene practices: Practicing good hygiene in the kitchen is essential to prevent cross-contamination. Wash hands thoroughly before and after handling seagull meat or eggs, and clean all utensils and surfaces that come into contact with raw seagull products.
- Proper storage: Store seagull meat and eggs in the refrigerator at the correct temperature to prevent bacterial growth. Discard any spoiled or expired products.
- Consultation: If you have any concerns about the safety of consuming seagull products, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or local food safety authorities for guidance.
Cooking Techniques for Seagull Meat
You can prepare seagull meat using various cooking techniques. When it comes to cooking seagull meat, it is important to consider its unique flavor and texture. By experimenting with different cooking methods, you can enhance the taste and tenderness of the meat. Here are some cooking techniques that you can try:
|Grilling seagull meat can impart a smoky flavor while retaining its natural juices. Pre-marinating can enhance flavor.
|Roasting seagull meat in the oven can result in crispy skin and tender meat. Basting can add flavor and moisture.
|Baking seagull meat can produce a moist and flavorful dish. Adding herbs and spices can enhance the taste.
|Frying seagull meat can provide a crispy exterior and juicy interior. A light batter or breading can add texture.
|Slow cooking or stewing seagull meat can result in tender and flavorful dishes. The meat can easily be pulled apart.
As seagull meat has a taste similar to chicken but with distinct undertones of gaminess and a slightly fishy flavor, you can also experiment with different seasonings and marinades to enhance its flavor. However, it is important to note that consuming seagull meat is not recommended due to legal restrictions and potential health risks.
Taste Profile of Seagull Meat
To truly understand the taste profile of seagull meat, it’s important to consider the impact of their diet on the flavors they possess. Seagulls are opportunistic feeders, scavenging for food in a variety of environments, including coastal regions and urban areas. This diverse diet greatly influences the taste of their meat.
Here are five key factors that contribute to the taste profile of seagull meat:
- Diet variety: Seagulls consume a wide range of food, including fish, seafood, insects, and even human waste in urban areas. This varied diet imparts a unique flavor to their meat.
- Fishy undertones: Seagulls residing in coastal regions may have a more pronounced fishy taste due to their diet of fish and seafood. This characteristic can be either appealing or off-putting, depending on individual taste preferences.
- Salty brine taste: Seagulls living near the coast may carry subtle hints of a salty brine taste in their meat. This flavor can add complexity to culinary experimentation.
- Gaminess: Seagull meat has distinct undertones of gaminess, similar to other game birds. This flavor can be enhanced or diminished depending on the cooking techniques and seasonings used.
- Urban influence: Seagulls feeding on human waste in urban areas may have a less desirable flavor due to the consumption of garbage and pollutants. This factor should be taken into account when considering the suitability of seagull meat for consumption.
Understanding the taste profile of seagull meat allows for informed culinary experimentation and exploration of unique flavors. However, it’s important to note that seagulls are protected by law, and their consumption isn’t recommended or legal in many countries.
Influence of Diet on Seagull Meat Flavor
The diverse diet of seagulls greatly impacts the flavor of their meat. Factors such as their consumption of fish, seafood, insects, and even human waste in urban areas contribute to the unique taste profile. Seagulls residing in coastal regions may have a more pronounced fishy taste due to their diet of fish and seafood. The consumption of these marine creatures imparts subtle hints of fish and a salty brine taste to their meat, which some individuals find appealing.
On the other hand, seagulls feeding on human waste in urban areas may have a less desirable flavor. The consumption of garbage and other waste products can introduce unpleasant and off-putting flavors to their meat.
While seagull meat isn’t commonly consumed, seagull eggs are considered a delicacy in certain cultures. These eggs have nutritional value comparable to other bird eggs, such as duck eggs, and can be cooked in similar ways, including scrambling, boiling, or frying. However, it’s important to note that collecting seagull eggs without appropriate permits or permissions is illegal in countries with protective laws. Additionally, seagull eggs aren’t easily accessible for consumption by the general public due to limited availability and legal protections.
Regional Variations in Seagull Meat Taste
When considering the taste of seagull meat, regional variations play a significant role in shaping the flavor profile. Culinary creativity and cultural preferences further influence the perception of seagull meat taste. Here are some key regional variations to evoke an emotional response in the audience:
- Coastal Regions: Seagulls residing in coastal areas have a more pronounced fishy taste due to their diet of fish and seafood. This regional variation adds a unique briny flavor to the meat, which some individuals find appealing.
- Urban Areas: Seagulls feeding on human waste in urban environments may have a less desirable flavor. The consumption of garbage and other unnatural food sources can impart unpleasant undertones to the meat, affecting its taste.
- Inland Regions: Seagulls inhabiting inland regions may have a milder taste compared to their coastal counterparts. Their diet consisting of insects, small animals, and plant matter contributes to a more neutral flavor profile.
- Arctic Regions: Seagulls found in Arctic regions may have a richer, gamier taste due to their diet of fish, crustaceans, and marine mammals. This regional variation adds complexity and depth to the flavor of the meat.
- Island Regions: Seagulls residing on islands may exhibit a distinct taste influenced by their isolation and limited food sources. The unique combination of vegetation, marine life, and local climate can contribute to a more nuanced flavor profile.
Understanding these regional variations in seagull meat taste allows for culinary exploration and appreciation of cultural preferences. However, it’s important to note that seagulls are protected by law in many countries and consuming their meat is generally not recommended.
Desirability of Seagull Meat Flavor
When considering the desirability of seagull meat flavor, several factors come into play.
Flavor preferences and perception vary among individuals, making it subjective to determine whether seagull meat is appealing or not.
However, culinary uses and experimentation can offer opportunities to explore different cooking methods and flavor combinations to enhance the taste of seagull meat.
Flavor Preferences and Perception
If you’re considering consuming seagulls, it’s important to understand the flavor preferences and perception associated with their meat. When it comes to the taste of seagull meat, individuals may have varying opinions and preferences. Here are some key points to consider:
- Culinary Exploration: Seagull meat offers a unique opportunity for culinary exploration, appealing to those who enjoy trying unconventional food sources.
- Cultural Significance: In certain cultures, seagull meat may hold cultural significance and be considered a delicacy, adding to its desirability.
- Distinct Undertones: Seagull meat has a taste similar to chicken, but with distinct undertones of gaminess and a slightly fishy flavor.
- Diet Influence: The diet of seagulls plays a significant role in shaping the taste of their meat, with coastal seagulls potentially having a more pronounced fishy taste due to their seafood-rich diet.
- Individual Preferences: Some individuals find the subtle hints of fish and salty brine taste appealing, while others may find it less desirable.
Understanding flavor preferences and perception can help inform your decision regarding the consumption of seagulls and whether it aligns with your personal culinary preferences.
Culinary Uses and Experimentation
Now delving into the topic of culinary uses and experimentation, you can explore the desirability of seagull meat flavor and how it can be incorporated into various dishes. Culinary experiments have been conducted to determine the taste and flavor profile of seagull meat. The table below highlights the unique characteristics of seagull meat flavor, comparing it to other commonly consumed meats:
|Similarities to Seagull Meat Flavor
|Differences from Seagull Meat Flavor
|Similar taste profile
|Lacks gaminess and fishy undertones
|Rich and gamey taste
|Absence of fishy flavor
|Salty and briny undertones
|No gaminess or chicken-like taste
|No gaminess or chicken-like taste
These culinary experiments shed light on the distinctive taste of seagull meat, which combines elements of chicken, game, and fish. While seagull meat may not be commonly consumed, it holds cultural significance in certain regions where it is considered a delicacy. The unique flavor profile of seagull meat offers a new avenue for culinary exploration and experimentation.
Edibility and Appeal of Seagull Eggs
Can you legally eat seagull eggs?
Seagull eggs, though considered a delicacy in certain cultures, can’t be legally consumed in many countries due to protective laws. However, let’s explore the edibility and appeal of these eggs from a scientific standpoint.
- Nutritional Value: Seagull eggs have a nutritional value comparable to other bird eggs, such as duck eggs. They’re rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, providing a wholesome dietary option.
- Unique Flavor: Seagull eggs possess a distinct taste that’s often described as rich and creamy with a slightly salty undertone. This unique flavor profile may intrigue adventurous palates seeking novel culinary experiences.
- Culinary Versatility: Seagull eggs can be prepared using various cooking methods, such as scrambling, boiling, or frying. They can be enjoyed on their own or incorporated into different dishes, adding a touch of novelty to one’s gastronomic repertoire.
- Limited Availability: Seagull eggs aren’t readily accessible for consumption by the general public due to legal protections and limited availability. Their collection without proper permits or permissions is illegal in many countries.
- Ethical Considerations: While some may find the idea of consuming seagull eggs intriguing, it’s essential to consider the conservation efforts and legal protections in place for seagulls. Respecting these laws helps preserve the delicate balance of ecosystems and ensures the continued existence of these magnificent birds.
Please remember to always abide by the laws and regulations in your region regarding the consumption of seagull eggs.
Laws and Regulations for Seagull Protection
Respecting the laws and regulations in place for seagull protection is crucial to ensure the preservation of these magnificent birds. Seagull population management and conservation efforts are necessary to maintain their ecological balance and protect their habitats. Many countries have implemented laws that prohibit the hunting, killing, and consumption of seagulls under the Migratory Bird Act. These laws are in place to safeguard seagulls and other migratory birds from harm and ensure their long-term survival.
Conservation efforts for seagulls focus on promoting their well-being and minimizing human-wildlife conflicts. Local authorities play a crucial role in managing seagull populations within the confines of the law. Special licenses may be granted in certain situations to control seagull populations for crop protection, disease prevention, or public safety. However, strict rules and conditions must be followed to ensure the ethical and responsible management of seagulls.