Largest Islands in the World By Area

Are you ready to set sail and explore the largest islands in the world? Get ready to be amazed as you venture into the vastness of these magnificent landmasses.

From the expansive continent of Australia to the enchanting beauty of Luzon in the Philippines, each island holds its own secrets waiting to be discovered.

As you delve into this article, you will uncover the incredible geological formations, diverse ecosystems, and captivating wildlife that inhabit these extraordinary islands.

Whether you’re drawn to the cultural richness of Sulawesi in Indonesia or the breathtaking landscapes of Te Waipounamu (South Island) in New Zealand, prepare to be captivated by the wonders that await.

Let your curiosity guide you as we embark on this thrilling journey of exploration.

Australia as a Continental Landmass

Australia isn’t just an island; it’s a vast continental landmass. With its unique geological characteristics, Australia is rightfully classified as a continent.

This expansive landmass is more than three times the size of Greenland, making it the world’s largest island. Australia’s status as a continent isn’t determined by its surrounding water, but rather by its immense size and distinct geological features.

The country’s landmass encompasses diverse ecosystems and an abundance of wildlife. From the arid deserts of the Outback to the lush rainforests of the northeast, Australia’s varied landscapes showcase its geological diversity.

The continent is also home to iconic landmarks like Uluru and the Great Barrier Reef, further highlighting its geological significance.

Australia’s classification as a continent is a testament to its vastness and the remarkable geological formations that define its identity.

Newfoundland (North America)

Now let’s turn our attention to Newfoundland, the 16th largest island in the world located in North America. With its rugged coastline and stunning landscapes, Newfoundland offers a unique geographical experience.

But what about the wildlife? From majestic moose to playful puffins, the island is home to a diverse range of animal species waiting to be discovered.

Newfoundland’s Geographical Features

In Newfoundland, you can explore a diverse range of geographical features. This beautiful island is known for its stunning landscapes, including rugged coastlines, towering mountains, and vast forests.

The island’s geographical features offer a habitat for a wide variety of wildlife, both on land and in the surrounding waters. From its rocky shores to its pristine rivers and lakes, Newfoundland is home to a rich and unique ecosystem.

As you explore the island, you may encounter various species of animals, such as moose, black bears, puffins, and whales. The island’s geographical features also provide a habitat for unique wildlife, such as the Sulawesi palm civet and the crested black macaque.

Whether you’re hiking through its forests or kayaking along its shores, Newfoundland’s geographical features offer endless opportunities for exploration and discovery.

Wildlife on Newfoundland Island?

As you explore Newfoundland Island, you’ll encounter a diverse range of wildlife in its stunning geographical features. Here are some highlights of the wildlife you may come across:

  • Majestic moose roaming through the forests, their antlers reaching towards the sky.
  • Playful Atlantic puffins nesting on the coastal cliffs, their vibrant beaks a sight to behold.
  • Graceful humpback whales breaching the surface of the ocean, their tails waving goodbye.
  • Curious black bears foraging for food in the wilderness, their presence a symbol of the island’s untamed beauty.
  • Adorable Atlantic salmon swimming upstream, their determination a testament to the island’s thriving ecosystem.

Newfoundland Island isn’t only a haven for wildlife, but also a place where wildlife conservation efforts are being made to protect these precious creatures. However, the impact of climate change on wildlife can’t be ignored, as it poses a threat to their habitats and survival. It’s essential to continue supporting conservation initiatives to ensure the long-term well-being of Newfoundland’s wildlife.

Luzon (Philippines)

Covering close to 42,457 square miles, Luzon Island in the Philippines is renowned for its vast indented coastline and diverse plant and animal life. This beautiful island is a popular destination for tourists from around the world, drawn by its stunning landscapes and vibrant culture. However, the rapid growth of tourism has had both positive and negative impacts on the environment in Luzon. On one hand, it has brought economic growth and development to the region, creating jobs and opportunities for the local population. On the other hand, the increase in tourist activities has put a strain on the island’s fragile ecosystems, leading to issues such as pollution, habitat destruction, and disturbance of wildlife. It is crucial for sustainable tourism practices to be implemented to minimize the negative impacts and preserve the natural beauty of Luzon for future generations to enjoy.

In addition to its natural wonders, Luzon is also known for its traditional cuisine and food culture. The island offers a wide array of delicious dishes that reflect the rich history and diverse influences of Filipino cuisine. From the famous adobo, a savory meat dish marinated in vinegar and soy sauce, to the delectable halo-halo, a refreshing dessert made with crushed ice, sweet beans, fruits, and topped with leche flan and ube ice cream, Luzon’s culinary scene is a feast for the senses. Exploring the local markets and street food stalls is a must for food enthusiasts, where they can savor regional specialties like pancit, sinigang, and lechon. The food culture in Luzon is a reflection of its people’s creativity, resourcefulness, and love for good food, making it a truly unforgettable experience for any visitor. So, come and indulge in the flavors of Luzon, where every bite tells a story of tradition, passion, and culinary excellence.

Traditional Cuisine in Luzon (Philippines)
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Te Ika-a-Mui (North Island, New Zealand)

You’ll discover that Te Ika-a-Mui, the North Island of New Zealand, is teeming with diverse bird and animal species. As you explore this remarkable island, you’ll be captivated by its natural beauty and the abundance of outdoor recreational activities it offers.

Here are some reasons why Te Ika-a-Mui is a haven for nature enthusiasts:

  • Te Ika-a-Mui is home to several national parks, such as Tongariro National Park and Egmont National Park, which showcase the island’s stunning landscapes and unique ecosystems.
  • The island is known for its wildlife conservation efforts, with sanctuaries and protected areas established to preserve its native species, including the kiwi bird, tuatara, and the critically endangered Maui’s dolphin.
  • When you visit Te Ika-a-Mui, you can engage in a variety of outdoor activities, such as hiking, mountain biking, kayaking, and fishing, making it a paradise for adventure seekers.
  • The island’s diverse bird species, including the tui, kereru, and weka, provide a melodic soundtrack as you explore its forests and coastlines.
  • With its picturesque beaches, lush forests, and awe-inspiring geothermal wonders, Te Ika-a-Mui offers endless opportunities for exploration and discovery.

Whether you’re a nature lover, an adrenaline junkie, or simply seeking tranquility amidst breathtaking landscapes, Te Ika-a-Mui’s outdoor recreational activities, national parks, and wildlife conservation efforts make it a must-visit destination.

Java (Indonesia)

When exploring Te Ika-a-Mui, the North Island of New Zealand, you’ll be captivated by its diverse bird and animal species. Now it’s time to shift our focus to Java, an Indonesian island.

Java covers around 49,976 square miles and is the most populous island in the world, with around half of Indonesia’s population residing there. One of the remarkable features of Java is its volcanic activity. The island is home to numerous active volcanoes, which contribute to its fertile soils. This volcanic activity has shaped the landscape of Java and has a significant impact on its agriculture and biodiversity.

In addition to its natural wonders, Java also has a rich cultural heritage. Traditional customs in Sulawesi, another Indonesian island, have influenced the customs and traditions of Java. The island is known for its vibrant arts and crafts, traditional music and dance performances, and colorful festivals. Javanese people take great pride in their cultural heritage and continue to preserve and celebrate their traditions.

Java is a fascinating island, where the forces of nature and cultural traditions intertwine, creating a unique and vibrant experience for visitors. Whether you’re exploring its volcanic landscapes or immersing yourself in its traditional customs, Java promises to leave you in awe of its beauty and diversity.

Te Waipounamu (South Island, New Zealand)

As you explore the diverse wildlife and stunning landscapes of Te Ika-a-Mui, the North Island of New Zealand, your journey continues to the South Island, known as Te Waipounamu.

Here, you’ll encounter unique geological formations and find a plethora of ecotourism opportunities that will leave you in awe.

  • The South Island of New Zealand is renowned for its breathtaking fjords, including the famous Milford Sound, where towering cliffs meet shimmering waters, creating a sight that will take your breath away.
  • Prepare to be amazed by the Southern Alps, a majestic mountain range that stretches across the island and offers unparalleled opportunities for hiking, skiing, and mountaineering.
  • Discover the awe-inspiring beauty of the Pancake Rocks, a natural wonder formed by layers of limestone that have been eroded over time, creating a series of towering rock formations that resemble stacks of pancakes.
  • Immerse yourself in the enchanting glowworm caves of Te Waipounamu, where tiny luminescent creatures create a mesmerizing display in the darkness.
  • Explore the rugged coastline, dotted with hidden beaches and dramatic cliffs, providing endless opportunities for coastal walks, wildlife spotting, and exploration.

Te Waipounamu, the South Island of New Zealand, offers a truly unique experience with its stunning landscapes and diverse ecosystems. Whether you’re an adventure seeker or a nature enthusiast, this island will captivate your heart and leave you longing for more.

Sulawesi (Indonesia)

Now let’s turn our attention to Sulawesi, one of the largest islands in the world.

As you explore this fascinating Indonesian island, you’ll discover its rich cultural heritage, with diverse ethnic groups and traditions.

But that’s not all – Sulawesi is also home to unique wildlife, including the Sulawesi palm civet and the crested black macaque.

And if you’re interested in ancient history, don’t miss the famous Maros cave paintings in Sulawesi’s Maros province.

Sulawesi’s Rich Cultural Heritage

The Sulawesi island in Indonesia boasts a rich cultural heritage. When you visit Sulawesi, you’ll be immersed in a world of vibrant traditions and customs that have been passed down through generations. Here are five aspects of Sulawesi’s cultural heritage that will surely captivate you:

  • Sulawesi’s traditional cuisine: Indulge in the delicious flavors of Sulawesi’s traditional dishes, such as Coto Makassar, a hearty beef soup, and Ayam Rica-Rica, a spicy chicken dish.
  • Sulawesi’s traditional crafts: Witness the artistry of local craftsmen as they create intricate textiles, beautifully carved wooden sculptures, and traditional pottery.
  • The island’s unique music and dance: Be mesmerized by the rhythmic beats of traditional Sulawesian music and the graceful movements of traditional dances like the Toraja Ma’randing and the Minahasa Maengket.
  • Sulawesi’s ancient rituals and ceremonies: Experience the spirituality of the island through ancient rituals and ceremonies, such as the Toraja’s elaborate funeral ceremonies and the Bugis’ traditional boat-launching ceremony.
  • The warm hospitality of the Sulawesian people: Immerse yourself in the warm and welcoming culture of the Sulawesian people, who’ll make you feel like a part of their community.

Unique Wildlife in Sulawesi

Immerse yourself in Sulawesi’s rich cultural heritage and discover its unique wildlife.

Sulawesi, one of the largest islands in the world, is known for its diverse and fascinating animal species. As you explore this Indonesian island, you’ll encounter creatures that are found nowhere else on Earth.

Take a walk through the dense rainforests and you might spot the Sulawesi palm civet, a small and elusive mammal. Or keep your eyes peeled for the crested black macaque, a monkey with a distinctive hairstyle.

Sulawesi’s wildlife is a testament to the island’s biodiversity and its close proximity to Borneo, with its own diverse flora and fauna.

Famous Maros Cave Paintings

Discover the mesmerizing beauty of Sulawesi’s Famous Maros Cave Paintings, a testament to the island’s rich cultural heritage and artistic legacy. These ancient cave paintings offer a glimpse into the past, showcasing the remarkable talent and creativity of the people who once inhabited this land.

As you explore these caves, you’ll be captivated by the intricate details and vibrant colors that adorn the walls. The famous Maros Cave Paintings depict various scenes, from hunting and fishing to ceremonial rituals, providing valuable insights into the daily lives and beliefs of the Sulawesi people.

Each stroke of the brush tells a story, connecting you to the unique cultural heritage of Sulawesi. Prepare to be awed and inspired as you witness the wonders of these remarkable cave paintings.

Ellesmere Island (Canada)

Explore the vast expanse of Ellesmere Island, the third-largest island in Canada, covering approximately 75,767 square miles. Located between the Baffin Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, Ellesmere Island offers a breathtaking landscape that will leave you in awe. Let’s take a closer look at what makes this island so remarkable.

Snow-capped MountainsEllesmere Island is home to majestic snow-capped mountains that stretch as far as the eye can see. The towering peaks create a sense of awe and wonder.Amazement
Vast GlaciersThe island is adorned with massive glaciers that glisten in the sunlight. These frozen giants reflect a sense of serenity and tranquility.Peace
Fjords and Coastal CliffsEllesmere Island boasts stunning fjords and towering coastal cliffs that provide a dramatic backdrop to the surrounding landscape. These natural wonders inspire a sense of awe and adventure.Excitement

Ellesmere Island is not only a visual masterpiece, but it is also a sanctuary for wildlife. The island is home to polar bears, caribou, musk oxen, and various bird species. As you traverse the island, you may even catch a glimpse of these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat.

Due to its icy conditions, Ellesmere Island has limited vegetation, with the Arctic willow being the only known woody plant. However, the absence of lush greenery is compensated by the island’s pristine beauty and untouched wilderness.

Whether you are a nature enthusiast or simply seek a remote and awe-inspiring destination, Ellesmere Island will not disappoint. Its vast expanse and breathtaking landscapes will leave you with memories that will last a lifetime.

Great Britain (United Kingdom)

Great Britain, the largest island in Europe, covers an area of 80,823 square miles. As you explore the impact of urbanization on wildlife in Great Britain, it becomes evident that this development has had both positive and negative consequences.

Here are five discussion ideas to consider:

  • Urbanization has led to habitat loss for many native species, forcing them to adapt or migrate to new areas.
  • The construction of roads and buildings has created barriers that separate wildlife populations, leading to decreased genetic diversity.
  • On the positive side, urban areas can provide new habitats for certain species, such as birds that nest in tall buildings or foxes that thrive in urban parks.
  • Conservation efforts in Great Britain focus on protecting and restoring natural habitats, creating wildlife corridors, and promoting sustainable urban planning.
  • Challenges in protecting the unique wildlife of Sulawesi include illegal wildlife trade, deforestation, and unsustainable fishing practices. Conservation organizations are working to address these challenges through education, community engagement, and enforcement of wildlife protection laws.

As urbanization continues to shape the landscape of Great Britain, it’s crucial to strike a balance between development and the preservation of wildlife habitats. By implementing effective conservation strategies, we can ensure the survival of the diverse and unique wildlife that call this island home.


Borneo Island, located southeast of the Malay Peninsula, is surrounded by the South China Sea, Sulu Sea, and Celebes Sea. Covering an area of around 292,000 square miles, Borneo is known for its hot and humid equatorial climate. This island is home to a diverse ecosystem, encompassing a wide range of flora and fauna. From majestic Bornean clouded leopards and endangered Bornean orangutans to playful Proboscis monkeys and majestic elephants, Borneo’s wildlife is truly captivating. One of the island’s unique treasures is the rare Rafflesia arnoldii flower, known for its enormous size and pungent smell.

In addition to its remarkable ecosystem, Borneo is also rich in cultural heritage. The island is home to various indigenous communities, each with its own distinct traditions and customs. These communities have a deep connection with the land and play a vital role in its conservation efforts. Many initiatives have been implemented to protect Borneo’s natural resources and preserve its delicate balance. Through sustainable practices and community involvement, Borneo’s indigenous communities contribute to the preservation of the island’s unique cultural heritage and the conservation of its precious ecosystem.

New Guinea

Now let’s talk about New Guinea, the second largest island in the world.

Covering an area of around 317,150 square miles, this island is divided into the western part, which belongs to Indonesia (Papua and West Papua provinces), and the eastern part, known as Papua New Guinea.

New Guinea is known for its rich biodiversity, with a tropical climate that supports the growth of figs, orchids, and mangroves. The island is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including tree kangaroos, phalangers, cassowaries, and the iconic birds of paradise.

Additionally, New Guinea boasts a unique cultural heritage, making it a fascinating destination to explore.

Rich Biodiversity in New Guinea

One can explore the rich biodiversity of New Guinea, the second largest island in the world. The island is home to a wide range of plant and animal species, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts. Here are some fascinating aspects of the biodiversity in New Guinea:

  • Diverse Wildlife: From tree kangaroos and phalangers to cassowaries and birds of paradise, New Guinea boasts a remarkable variety of animal life.
  • Tropical Climate: The island’s tropical climate provides ideal conditions for the growth of figs, orchids, and mangroves, contributing to its vibrant ecosystem.
  • Unique Species: New Guinea is known for its endemic species, such as the New Guinea singing dog and the New Guinea crocodile, adding to its ecological distinctiveness.
  • Ecological Importance: The island serves as an important habitat for many endangered species, highlighting the importance of its conservation efforts.
  • Cultural Heritage: New Guinea’s rich biodiversity is closely intertwined with the cultural heritage of the indigenous communities that inhabit the island, creating a unique and holistic connection between nature and people.

Exploring the biodiversity of New Guinea offers a captivating journey into one of the world’s most diverse and awe-inspiring natural environments.

Unique Cultural Heritage

Immerse yourself in the unique cultural heritage of New Guinea, where the indigenous communities have preserved their traditions and customs for generations. New Guinea is home to a rich tapestry of unique cultural practices and traditional festivals that showcase the island’s vibrant heritage. From intricate tribal dances and mesmerizing music to ancient rituals and storytelling, the people of New Guinea have a deep connection to their land and their ancestors. To give you a glimpse into this fascinating culture, here is a table highlighting some of the most significant cultural practices and festivals in New Guinea:

Cultural PracticesTraditional Festivals
Tribal dancesSing Sing Festival
Body paintingGoroka Show
StorytellingHiri Moale Festival
Wood carvingMount Hagen Cultural Show
Spirit worshipSepik Crocodile Festival

These cultural practices and festivals serve as a way for the indigenous communities to pass down their knowledge, express their identity, and celebrate their heritage. By participating in these events, you can gain a deeper understanding of the rich cultural tapestry that makes New Guinea truly unique.


What makes Greenland the largest island in the world by area? Well, Greenland covers a total area of 836,331 square miles, making it the largest island on Earth. Its size alone is awe-inspiring, but there are several other factors that make Greenland truly remarkable:

  • Huge glaciers and ice sheet: Greenland is known for its vast glaciers and ice sheet, which cover about 80% of the island. These icy landscapes create a breathtaking and otherworldly environment.
  • Tundra vegetation: Due to the vast expanse of ice, Greenland’s vegetation consists mostly of tundra. Imagine vast stretches of mosses, lichens, and low-growing shrubs, painting the landscape in shades of green and brown.
  • Fauna: Despite its harsh climate, Greenland is home to a variety of resilient wildlife. You can spot polar bears, arctic foxes, musk oxen, and migratory birds, all adapted to survive in this harsh environment.
  • Remote and untouched: Greenland’s isolation and challenging terrain have preserved its natural beauty and unique cultural heritage. It offers an escape from the bustling world, allowing you to immerse yourself in a land of ice, solitude, and raw natural beauty.
  • Adventure and exploration: Greenland beckons the adventurous souls. From dog sledding and ice fishing to hiking and kayaking among icebergs, there are countless opportunities to explore this vast and fascinating island.

Greenland is truly a land of extremes, inviting you to witness its majestic landscapes, discover its wildlife, and experience the thrill of exploring the world’s largest island.


To summarize, the largest islands in the world by area offer diverse landscapes, unique wildlife, and opportunities for adventure and exploration. Two of these islands, Luzon in the Philippines and Ellesmere Island in Canada, showcase the beauty and wonder of our planet.

IslandSize (Square Miles)Wildlife
Luzon42,457– Long-tailed macaque<br>- Philippine warty pig<br>- Various species of birds
Ellesmere Island75,767– Polar bears<br>- Caribou<br>- Musk oxen<br>- Various bird species

Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines, covers approximately 42,457 square miles. Its indented coastline stretches around 3,000 miles, offering breathtaking views. Luzon is home to a wide range of plant and animal life, including the long-tailed macaque, the Philippine warty pig, and various species of birds. The island’s dense rainforests and diverse ecosystems make it a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

On the other hand, Ellesmere Island, the third-largest island in Canada, covers roughly 75,767 square miles. Located between the Baffin Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, it features the stunning Quttinirpaaq National Park, known for its fjords and glaciers. Ellesmere Island is home to magnificent creatures such as polar bears, caribou, musk oxen, and various bird species. The icy conditions limit vegetation, with the Arctic willow being the only known woody plant.

Both Luzon and Ellesmere Island offer spectacular landscapes and unique wildlife, making them destinations worth exploring. Whether you seek the vibrant rainforests of Luzon or the frozen tundra of Ellesmere Island, these islands provide unparalleled opportunities for adventure and discovery.

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